|“||I have told you Ra, the new pharaoh is a giant mistake. Barely a century since he took over as a king and what happened? The Israelites! The Slaves! The Exodus! Yahweh's wrath! All of them made even his uncle's worst crimes as pharaoh looked tame in comparison.||„|
|— Amum to Ra.|
Amun was a major deity of ancient Egypt. He was worshipped as a sun and creator deity, notably in the city of Thebes. He is the consort of the goddess Mut. He was also known as the reconstructed Egyptian Yamanu.
His priesthood was the most powerful in Egypt and the position of God's Wife of Amun, given to royal women, almost on par with that of the pharaoh. Amun was also the father of one of the pharaohs.
He if often represented as bearded man wearing a cap surmounted by two tall plumes made of red ostrich feathers usually seated on a throne holding the ankh on one hand and the was scepter on the other.
Powers and Abilities
During the 10 Plagues of Egypt, God Himself had cursed Amun and other Egyptian deities, since they had allowed the Pharaoh to enslave the ancient Jews, His people. God had found out that is was Apep who corrupted the current pharaoh and his father to do this but he was angered that they still allowed it to happen.
Myths and Legends
Amun was attested from the Old Kingdom together with his wife Amaunet. With the 11th dynasty (21st century BC), Amun rose to the position of patron deity of Thebes by replacing Montu.
After the rebellion of Thebes against the Hyksos and with the rule of Ahmose I, Amun acquired national importance, expressed in his fusion with the Sun god, Ra, as Amun-Ra or Amun-Re. Even after being unfused, he can still fused with Ra to become Amon-Ra once again.
During the latter part of the eighteenth dynasty, the pharaoh Akhenaten disliked the power of the temple of Amun and advanced the worship of the Aten, a deity whose power was manifested in the sun disk, both literally and symbolically. He defaced the symbols of many of the old deities, and based his religious practices upon the deity, the Aten. He moved his capital away from Thebes, but this abrupt change was very unpopular with the priests of Amun, who now found themselves without any of their former power. The religion of Egypt was inexorably tied to the leadership of the country, the pharaoh being the leader of both.
When Akhenaten died, the priests of Amun-Ra reasserted themselves. Akhenaten's name was struck from Egyptian records, all of his religious and governmental changes were undone, and the capital was returned to Thebes. The return to the previous capital and its patron deity was accomplished so swiftly that it seemed this almost monotheistic cult and its governmental reforms had never existed. Worship of Aten ceased and worship of Amun-Ra was restored. The priests of Amun even persuaded his young son, Tutankhaten, whose name meant "the living image of Aten"—and who later would become pharaoh—to change his name to Tutankhamun, "the living image of Amun".
The demons Aamon and Amaymon seemed to have taken their names after the deity, likely to both honor and mock both him and God. He was also compared to Greek deity Zeus by Alexander the Great even though Ammon was worshipped in Greece as well.
|“||The LORD of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel, says: I will punish Amun, the god of Thebes, and all the other gods of Egypt. I will punish its rulers and Pharaoh, too, and all who trust in him.||„|
|— Jeremiah 46:25|
|“||The tempest moves aside for the sailor who remembers the name of Amun. The storm becomes a sweet breeze for he who invokes His name... Amun is more effective than millions for he who places Him in his heart. Thanks to Him the single man becomes stronger than a crowd.||„|
|— Leiden Hymn to Amun.|