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The Ars Goetia are the 72 elite demons of Hell, each with their own noble rankings and their own legions that they command into battle. They're the most famous out of all the potential demonic summonings, probably because of their own past with Solomon and their name being written down in the Lemegeton and stuffs. Words from the grapevine - Mattie - said that they exist in some sort of noble rankings completely outside of the infernal hierarchy known as the Goetial Authorities, which, despite how many times I bugged him, that shitty old man still won't tell me more about it.
Carl Black.

The Ars Goetia, also known as the 72 Pillars or the Lemegeton, is a group comprised of seventy two noble demons with exemplary strength and their own legions. They are listed in the grimoire Lesser Key of Solomon.

Overview

Their great amount of power and leadership status among the lesser demons also grants each Goetia the authority to exert command over Lucifer's other forces within Hell. Lucifer himself is confident enough of the Ars Goetia's abilities to send them out on potentially hazardous missions, such as gathering information in the Human World, fighting strong angels such as Seraphim by themselves and searching for items that would benefit the Emperor of Hell or even destroying certain things that may be an obstacle.

Ironically, most of the Ars Goetia are not actually pure demons, but were in actuality fallen angels that rebelled alongside Lucifer during the War in Heaven. Lucifer's respect and even care for the Ars Goetia is reflected in his manner of addressing them, often referring to them as "my dear brothers" or "my beloved fallen".  While all of them are completely loyal to Lucifer, some of the loyalists are also discreetly so fearful of him that they almost desire to refuse following him. Lucifer himself is known to be harsh and cruel to them should they fail in a certain task, but he is not completely without mercy as he chooses to spare them from a cruel punishment unlike Satan.

Like most demons, the Ars Goetia are tempters, who tried to damn humans by offering worthy gifts, like wealth, knowledge or magical powers in return for souls.

Characteristics

There seems to be a sort of hierarchy among the Goetia; a higher-ranked member apparently can give orders to lower-ranked members. This is evidenced with the demon Satanachia holding Aamon, Pruflas, and Barbatos as his own subordinates. When a demon of the Goetia is either summoned or tasked by Lucifer, it usually involves one or more Goetia demons operating together, with the strongest members exercising command over the others, being less powerful then they. And even then, it is also due to the status that they hold such as a Count or an Earl being under the command of a Marquis.

While the Ars Goetia appear to constantly gather in Hell's council to discuss certain events alongside their lord Lucifer, they can have their own quarters within Hell, which ranges from castles, underground fortresses, or even a separate dimension that is connected to Hell. These palaces are modified to suit the specific Goetia demon's taste.

The Goetia are divided into a noble hierarchy, with the following ranks:

  • King of Hell
  • Duke of Hell
  • Prince of Hell
  • Marquis of Hell
  • Count of Hell
  • Knight of Hell
  • President of Hell

History

Myths and Legends

Ars Goetia is the title of the first section of the Lesser Key of Solomon, containing descriptions of the seventy-two demons that King Solomon is said to have evoked and confined in a bronze vessel sealed by magic symbols, and that he obliged to work for him. The Ars Goetia assigns a rank and a title of nobility to each member of the infernal hierarchy, and gives the demons "signs they have to pay allegiance to", or seals. The lists of entities in the Ars Goetia correspond (to high but varying degree, often according to edition) with those in Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia Daemonum an appendix appearing in later editions of his De Praestigiis Daemonum, of 1563.

A revised English edition of the Ars Goetia was published in 1904 by Samuel Liddell Mathers and Aleister Crowley as The Goetia. based on manuscripts from the British Museum, with additions by Crowley, including a Preliminary Invocation drawn from Goodwin's Fragment of a Graeco-Egyptian Work upon Magic, and the essay The Initiated Interpretation of Ceremonial Magic. It is not a faithful edition of the source manuscripts but contains several innovations, including some evocations in Enochian written by Crowley. In his introduction, Crowley argues that the work of demonic evocation is merely a form of psychological self-exploration. It has since become a relatively well-known book of magic and has even been featured in places like the graphic novel Promethea by Alan Moore and James Blish's novel Black Easter.

Etymology

Ancient Greek γοητεία (goēteia) means "charm, jugglery" from γόης "sorcerer, wizard". The meaning of "sorcerer" is attested in a scholion, referring to the Dactyli, stating that according to Pherecydes and Hellanicus, those to the left are goētes, while those to the right are deliverers from sorcery. The word may be ultimately derived from the verb γοάω "groan, bewail". Derived terms are γοήτευμα "a charm" and γοητεύω "to bewitch, beguile".

γοητεία was a term for witchcraft in Hellenistic magic. Latinized goetia via French goétie was adopted into English as goecie, goety in the 16th century.

Members

  1. Bael
  2. Agares
  3. Vassago
  4. Samigina
  5. Marbas
  6. Valefor
  7. Aamon
  8. Barbatos
  9. Paimon
  10. Buer
  11. Gusion
  12. Sitri
  13. Beleth
  14. Leraje
  15. Eligos
  16. Zepar
  17. Botis
  18. Bathin
  19. Sallos
  20. Purson
  21. Morax
  22. Ipos
  23. Haborym
  24. Naberius
  25. Glasya-Labolas
  26. Bune
  27. Ronove
  28. Berith
  29. Astaroth
  30. Forneus
  31. Foras
  32. Asmoday
  33. Gaap
  34. Furfur
  35. Marchosias
  36. Stolas
  37. Phenex
  38. Halphas
  39. Malphas
  40. Raum
  41. Focalor
  42. Vepar
  43. Sabnock
  44. Shax
  45. Vine
  46. Bifrons
  47. Vual
  48. Haagenti
  49. Crocell
  50. Furcas
  51. Balam
  52. Allocer
  53. Caim
  54. Murmur
  55. Orobas
  56. Gremory
  57. Ose
  58. Amy
  59. Orias
  60. Vapula
  61. Zagan
  62. Valac
  63. Andras
  64. Flauros
  65. Andrealphus
  66. Kimaris
  67. Amdusias
  68. Belial
  69. Decarabia
  70. Seere
  71. Dantalion
  72. Andromalius

Sources

The Ars Goetia most famous version arguably is the 1904 published by Aleister Crowley and reusing Louis Le Breton's illustrations for Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal although using demon Pruflas' illustration for Purson.

The Goetia is inspired by Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia Daemonum list. The oldest known version being Livre des Esperitz. Other medieval lists include The Munich Manual of Demonic Magic and Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum.

Ars Goetia Pseudomonarchia Daemonum Livre des Esperitz Munich Manual of Demonic Magic Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum
  1. King Bael
  2. Duke Agares
  3. Prince Vassago
  4. Marquis Samigina
  5. President Marbas
  6. Duke Valefar
  7. Marquis Amon
  8. Duke Barbatos
  9. King Paimon
  10. President Buer
  11. Duke Gusion
  12. Prince Sitri
  13. King Beleth
  14. Marquis Leraje
  15. Duke Eligos
  16. Duke Zepar
  17. Count / President Botis
  18. Duke Bathin
  19. Duke Sallos
  20. King Purson
  21. Count / President Marax
  22. Count / Prince Ipos
  23. Duke Aim
  24. Marquis Naberius
  25. Count / President Glasya-Labolas
  26. Duke Buné
  27. Marquis / Count Ronové
  28. Duke Berith
  29. Duke Astaroth
  30. Marquis Forneus
  31. President Foras
  32. King Asmoday
  33. Prince / President Gäap
  34. Count Furfur
  35. Marquis Marchosias
  36. Prince Stolas
  37. Marquis Phenex
  38. Count Halphas
  39. President Malphas
  40. Count Räum
  41. Duke Focalor
  42. Duke Vepar
  43. Marquis Sabnock
  44. Marquis Shax
  45. King / Count Viné
  46. Count Bifrons
  47. Duke Vual
  48. President Haagenti
  49. Duke Crocell
  50. Knight Furcas
  51. King Balam
  52. Duke Alloces
  53. President Caim
  54. Duke/Count Murmur
  55. Prince Orobas
  56. Duke Gremory
  57. President Ose
  58. President Amy
  59. Marquis Orias
  60. Duke Vapula
  61. King / President Zagan
  62. President Valac
  63. Marquis Andras
  64. Duke Flauros
  65. Marquis Andrealphus
  66. Marquis Kimaris
  67. Duke Amdusias
  68. King Belial
  69. Marquis Decarabia
  70. Prince Seere
  71. Duke Dantalion
  72. Count Andromalius
  1. King Baël
  2. Duke Aguarès
  3. President Barbas
  4. Prince / Duke Pruflas
  5. Marquess Amon
  6. Duke/Count Barbatos
  7. President Buer
  8. Duke Gusoyn
  9. Count / President Botis
  10. Duke Bathym
  11. King Pursan
  12. Duke Eligos
  13. Marquess Loray
  14. Duke Valefar
  15. Count / President Morax
  16. Prince / Count Ipes
  17. President Glasya labolas
  18. Marquess Naberius
  19. Duke Zepar
  20. King Byleth
  21. Prince Sytry
  22. King Paimon
  23. King Bélial
  24. Duke Bune
  25. Marquess Forneus
  26. Marquess / Count Roneve
  27. Duke Berith
  28. Duke Astaroth
  29. President Forras
  30. Count Furfur
  31. Marquess Marchocias
  32. President Malphas
  33. Duke Vepar
  34. Marquess Sabnac
  35. King Sidonay
  36. Prince / President Gaap
  37. Duke / Marquess Chax
  38. Duke Pucel
  39. Knight Furcas
  40. Duke / Count Murmur
  41. President Caym
  42. Count Raum
  43. Count Halphas
  44. Duke Focalor
  45. King / Count Vine
  46. Count Bifrons
  47. Marquess Samigina
  48. King / President Zagan
  49. Marquess Orias
  50. President Volac
  51. Duke Gomory
  52. King / Count Decarabia
  53. Duke Amduscias
  54. Marquess Andras
  55. Marquess Andrealphus
  56. President Oze
  57. Duke Aym
  58. Prince Orobas
  59. Duke Vapula
  60. Marquess Cimeries
  61. President Amy
  62. Duke Flauros
  63. King Balam
  64. Duke Alocer
  65. Count Saleos
  66. Duke Vuall
  67. President Haagenti
  68. Marquess Phoenix
  69. Prince Stolas
  1. Lucifer
  2. Gay
  3. Satan
  4. Orient
  5. Poymon
  6. Aymoymon
    • Equi
  7. Beal
  8. Agarat
  9. Barthas
  10. Bulfas
  11. Amon
  12. Barbas
  13. Gemer
  14. Gazon
  15. Artis
  16. Machin
  17. Diusion
  18. Abugor
  19. Vipos
  20. Cerbere
  21. Carmola
  22. Salmatis
  23. Coap
  24. Drap
  25. Asmoday
  26. Caap
  27. Bune
  28. Bitur
  29. Lucubar
  30. Bugan
  31. Parcas
  32. Flavos
  33. Vaal
  34. Fenix
  35. Distolas
  36. Berteth
  37. Dam
  38. Furfur
  39. Forcas
  40. Malpharas
  41. Gorsay
  42. Samon
  43. Tudiras Hoho
  44. Oze
  45. Ducay
  46. Bucal
  1. Count / Duke Barbarus
  2. Duke Cason
  3. President / Count Otius
  4. King Curson
  5. Duke Alugor
  6. Prince Taob
  7. President Volach
  8. Duke Gaeneron
  9. Marquis Tuveries
  10. President Hanni
  11. Marquis Sucax
  1. King / Duke Aveche
  2. President Boab
  3. Duke Bille
  4. Marquis Fameis / Fronone
  5. Marquis Beduch / Bamone
  6. Marquis / Duke Bonoree
  7. King / Duke Berich
  8. Duke Astaroth
  9. President Forchas / Fortas / Sartii
  10. Count Furfur
  11. Marquis Margoas / Margodas / Margutas
  12. President Alphas / Malapas
  13. Duke Gorsor / Gorson
  14. Marquis Simias / Sitmas
  15. President Volach
  16. Duke Gomeris / Caym
  17. King / Count Decarabia / Carabia
  18. Duke Judifligei
  19. President Vuduch / Andrialfis
  20. Marquis Andras / Vandras
  21. Duke / President Saymon / Zamon
  22. President Azo / Oze
  23. Duke Aym / Haborym
  24. Prince Arabas / Accabas / Irabas
  25. Duke Balpala
  26. Count Lanima / Primam
  27. King Paimon
  28. King Belial
  29. King Egym
  30. President Ras
  31. Marquis / Duke Torcha
  32. Duke / Marquis Ara
  33. Count Acar
  34. Marquis / Count Paragalla
  35. Duke Ponicarpo
  36. King Lambes
  37. Duke Triplex / Complex

Connection to other mythologies

Many members of the Ars Goetia often resemble deities and monsters from other mythologies. Whether they were the actual deities of old, later impostors or just demonization of later Christian demonologists, is unknown.

Notable examples:

Quotes

Gallery

Trivia

  • The Ars Goetia Book is one of the five grimoires of the Lesser Key of Solomon.
  • Goetic Theurgy, another practice described in the Lesser Key of Solomon, is similar to the book's description of Goetia, but is used to invoke aerial spirits.
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