|“||I sing of golden-throned Hera whom Rhea bare. Queen of the immortals is she, surpassing all in beauty: she is the sister and the wife of loud-thundering Zeus, -- the glorious one whom all the blessed throughout high Olympus reverence and honour even as Zeus who delights in thunder.||„|
Hera is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion.
Hera presides over the right arrangements of the marriage and is the archetype of the union in the marriage bed, but she is not notable as a mother. The legitimate offspring of her union with Zeus are Ares (the god of war), Hebe (the goddess of youth), Eris (the goddess of discord) and Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth).
She was the sister and wife of Zeus and Queen of Greek deities. With Zeus she had several children, such as Ares, Hephaestus, and Bellona. She also had a strong dislike for the goddess Athena, who emerged from he husband's head. Her sacred animal is the peacock.
Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos, Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy.
Hera was also known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus' lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias. Paris also earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess. She also holds a rather great contempt and hatred towards Zeus to some degree, mainly because of his husband's infidelity, boastful arrogance, firm, and cruel rulership.
Although not been shown for most of the time, she still respect and love Zeus, for his heroism, sense of justice and responsibility. She co-rules Olympus to maintain it's prosperity and peace, and would resort's to violence if Olympus were to be threaten. She is still loyal and loving towards Zeus, to the point that every year she always maintain her beauty, elegance, maturity, and virginity (every year).
During the ancient times of Greece, she is shown to be quiet vindictive towards Zeus' mistresses and demigod children, but as time passes, she is shown to be accepting towards his other children. Examples are: Artemis, Apollo, Hermes, Athena, Perseus, Heracles, and many others. It also revealed that the reason why she married Zeus, is because she is the only goddess, strong and fierce enough to co-rule's Olympus along with Zeus to maintain it's power.
She is not accepting towards Zeus brash or nonsense reasons of killing or imprisoning Zeus' other wives and children. Her hate toward's Zeus' other wives and children are only a facade, to show her support to him. But in reality, she is secretly helping them along with the other gods and goddesses that does not agrees with his husband's methods, showing a motherly and benevolent side. For most of the time, she is shown to be stern and serious to some degree, but can be warm, loving, and compassionate towards the weak and earn her respect. She acts as a mother towards the younger gods, goddesses, demigods, and demigoddesses. She teach them how to act responsible and mature of handling things with a careful manner.
Being the patron goddess of motherhood and wedding, she is a protector of sacred marriage and it's good name. As she hates immoral affairs, infidelity, and sexual immorality. She is also one of the pagan deities to recognize that other than her protogenoi parents, there is still a Supreme Being that is an all-powerful enough to rule them, it also revealed that she learned from God her embodiment's true role and purpose, and that is to protect women in general and the sacredness of wedding.
Powers and Abilities
Hera was jealous of Zeus' giving birth to Athena without recourse to her, so she quickly gave birth to Hephaestus with the help of Zeus. Hera was then disgusted with Hephaestus' ugliness and threw him from Mount Olympus.
Hera constantly battled with her husband’s infidelity and she often took swift revenge. Leto was so punished through Hera promising to curse any land that gave the pregnant goddess refuge. Only after months of wanderings could Leto find a place (Delos) to give birth to her son, the god Apollo. Even then, Hera had her daughter Eileithyia prolong the labor to nine months. Other victims of Hera’s jealousy were Semele, who was tricked by Hera into asking Zeus to reveal himself in all his godly splendor and the sight immediately destroyed her. Callisto was another of Zeus’ lovers who caught the wrath of Hera as she was turned into a bear and hunted by Artemis. Zeus, in pity, later made her into a constellation, the Bear.
Hera is also known to be an enemy of the mighty Greek hero Heracles, evident when she sent two serpents to kill him as he lay in his cot. Heracles throttled a single snake in each hand and was found by his nurse playing with their limp bodies as if they were a child's toys. She even manipulated him into killing his family and attempting to make each of his Twelve Labors increasingly difficult.
Myths and Legends
The epithet Juno Moneta, where she is said to protect the finances of the empire, means "the one who warns". Another concept is the peacock feather as the symbol of the Goddess, even though it actually symbolizes her Greek counterpart, rather than Juno herself.
Besides being the Queen of gods, she is also the protector of women and patron of childbirth, and had many temples throughout the empire. She was said said to also watch over the women of Rome. As the patron goddess of Rome and the Roman Empire, Juno was called Regina ("Queen") and was a member of the Capitoline Triad (Juno Capitolina), centered on the Capitoline Hill in Rome; it consisted of her, Jupiter, and Minerva, goddess of wisdom.
Besides being the name of the queen of the Roman pantheon, the term "Juno" is also used to describe the Roman concept of a female guardian angel, the male being referred to as a "genius." There existed many junos for many purposes, such as marriage, childbirth, and virginity, but all junos shared in common the trait of watching over the entity it was born from.
Girls are still named after her until this day.