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The sun god Huītzilōpōchtli is one of the four Tezcatlipocas, primordial gods of Aztec mythology. He is associated with gold, warriors and rulers and is the beneficiary of human sacrifices whose blood would feed and strengthen the gods.
Carl Black

Huītzilōpōchtli is the god of the sun and war, considered the patron of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán and associated with gold, warriors and rulers.


Huītzilōpōchtli was the son of Ōmeteōtl and was also considered the brother of those other great Aztec gods Quetzalcoatl, Tezcatlipoca, and Xipe Totec.

Huītzilōpōchtli was such an important deity he was the beneficiary of human sacrifices whose blood would feed and strengthen the god. Victims usually came from people prepared to die and they were led to the top of the Temple Mayor, their hearts were removed, they were skinned and the corpse decapitated and dismembered, perhaps in homage to Coyolxāuhqui and her similar fate at the hands of Huītzilōpōchtli. The torso of the victim was flung down the steps of the pyramid to land at the base where, significantly, stone-carved snakes recall Mt. Coatepec.


Huītzilōpōchtli was depicted carrying his snake-shaped spear-thrower which represents the fire-serpent Xiuhcoatl. He may also carry a shield, hold feathered arrows or darts and be painted with blue arms and legs. The god could be symbolized by either a hummingbird whose feathers he wore in his helmet.


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Myths and Legends

Since he was the patron god of the Mexican, he was credited with both the victories and defeats that the Mexican people had on the battlefield. The people had to make sacrifices to him to protect the Aztec from infinite night. It is important to remember that the defeat of their patron deity meant the defeat of his people.

Unlike many other Aztec deities, Huītzilōpōchtli has no clear equivalents from earlier Mesoamerican cultures.