|“||Tiamat is a Babylonian Goddess, her Sumerian equivalent is Nammu and Hebrew is Tehom. It represents the primordial ocean of water and chaos that existed before the Earth existed. She was defeated by Marduk and he used the Goddess' body to create the Universe; Tiamat's chest became the vacuum between heaven and Earth. Its tearful eyes became the source of the Euphrates and Tigris River and its tail became the Milky Way.||„|
|— Carl Black.|
Tiamat was the "shining" personification of salt water who roared and smote in the chaos of original creation. She and Apsu filled the cosmic abyss with the primeval waters. She is "Ummu-Hubur who formed all things".
She mated her lover Abzu, the Primordial god of fresh water, to produce younger deities of the pantheon. She is the symbol of the chaos of primordial creation, depicted as a woman, she represents the beauty of the feminine, depicted as the glistening one.
She is also a Earth Mother Goddess though her title has been forgotten. She is portrayed as either a sea serpent or a dragon. It is suggested that there are two parts to the mythos, the first in which Tiamat is a creator goddess, through a "Sacred marriage" between salt and fresh water, peacefully creating the cosmos through successive generations. In the second, Tiamat is considered the monstrous embodiment of primordial chaos. Some sources identify her with images of a sea serpent or dragon.
Her physical description includes a tail, a thigh, "lower parts" (which shake together), a belly, an udder, ribs, a neck, a head, a skull, eyes, nostrils, a mouth, and lips. She has insides (possibly "entrails"), a heart, arteries, and blood. Her other form is unique, she had one head for each primary color of the most common species of chromatics dragons (black, blue, green, red, white). Each head was able to operate entirely independently of each other and had the powers of a member of the respective race of dragonkind. Her body also had traits in common with a Wyvern, including a long tail tipped with a poisonous stinger.
Tiamat is usually described as a sea serpent or dragon, although Assyriologist Alexander Heidel disagreed with this identification and argued that "dragon form can not be imputed to Tiamat with certainty." Other scholars have disregarded Heidel's argument: Joseph Fontenrose in particular found it "not convincing" and concluded that "there is reason to believe that Tiamat was sometimes, not necessarily always, conceived as a dragoness."
Tiamat was originally arrogant, greedy, hateful, spiteful and vain. She never forgave any kind of slight and was focused in obtaining more power and wealth though she did adore her own children. More recently, she has calm down to the more amoral primordial goddess that she truly is.
Whether Tiamat has lost her ideals, or whether she has no reason since the beginning, it can be interpreted as either way, but one cannot surmise the reason. Although she simply birthed, raised and loved her children, which was viewed as her only meaning in life, she has set out to fight against humanity, of whom they decided that for the sake of denying this meaning, they have declared “you are not needed.” Her behavioural ideology when becoming a Beast is extremely simple; she runs under the extremely primitive system of “If I do not kill humanity, I will be killed.”
Power and Abilities
As one of the oldest of dragonkind along with being a primordial of the watery abyss, Tiamat possesses massive amounts of power surpassing any angel and demon and is rumored to possibly rival even the Ouroboros, the Dragon of Infinity. She can manipulate the watery abyss to create entire universes and even entire planes of existence.
She gives birth to the first generation of deities; her husband, Abzu, assuming they are planning to kill him and usurp his throne, later makes war upon them and is killed. Enraged, she, too, wars upon her husband's murderers, taking on the form of a massive sea dragon.
She is then slain by Enki's son, the storm-god Marduk, but not before she had brought forth the monsters of the Mesopotamian pantheon, including the first dragons, whose bodies she filled with "poison instead of blood".
Only after an intense battle with the power of all the other gods behind him could Marduk overcome Tiamat and her brood. Apsu was thrown into the heavens and is the void of the night-sky. Abzu's corpse was the land and used as a foundation for Earth. Marduk then forms heavens and the earth from her divided body.
Slicing Tiamat in half, he made from her ribs the vault of heaven and earth. Her weeping eyes became the source of the Tigris and the Euphrates, her tail became the Milky Way. With the approval of the elder deities, he took from Kingu the Tablet of Destinies, installing himself as the head of the Babylonian pantheon. Kingu was captured and later was slain: his red blood mixed with the red clay of the Earth would make the body of humankind, created to act as the servant of the younger Igigi deities.
Tiamat was “a womb discarded after the Genesis”, becoming the origin of Babylonian Mythology. She was turned into a “Mother Sea” and was put to use as a breeding ground to produce life, but once the earth’s environment stabilized and after the ecosystems were established, she was banished to the a World on the Reverse Side; an imaginary space that has no life and is not even a Parallel World as something unnecessary.
Seeing that the ecosystem was already established, there is no need for her, one who designs life randomly, and it is said that regarding the course the lifeforms who acquired intelligence conforms to, she was nothing but an impediment by now. Hereafter, Tiamat has been waiting in the mirror world for a chance to return back to her original world.
Myth and Legends
|“||The primordial goddess of Babylonian lore.
She governs the sea and gave birth to many deities with her consort Apsu, the god of fresh water. When war broke out between her and those gods, she created 11 monsters to fight with her, but they were defeated by Marduk. Her body was ripped apart and used to make the world.
|— The Demonic Compendium.|
The Enûma Elish states that Tiamat gave birth to dragons and serpents among a more general list of monsters including scorpion men and merpeople, but does not identify her form as that of a dragon; however, other sources containing the same myth do refer to her as such.
The Tiamat myth is one of the earliest recorded versions of the Chaoskampf, the battle between a culture hero and a chthonic or aquatic monster, serpent or dragon. Chaoskampf motifs in other mythologies linked directly or indirectly to the Tiamat myth include the Hittite Illuyanka myth, and in Greek tradition Apollo's killing of the Python as a necessary action to take over the Delphic Oracle.
According to some analyses there are two parts to the Tiamat myth, the first in which Tiamat is creator goddess, through a "sacred marriage" between salt and fresh water, peacefully creating the cosmos through successive generations. In the second "Chaoskampf" Tiamat is considered the monstrous embodiment of primordial chaos.
Robert Graves considered Tiamat's death by Marduk as evidence for his hypothesis of an ancient shift in power from a matriarchal society to a patriarchy. Grave's ideas were later developed into the Great Goddess theory by Marija Gimbutas, Merlin Stone and others. The theory suggests Tiamat and other ancient monster figures were presented as former supreme deities of peaceful, woman-centered religions that were turned into monsters when violent. Their defeat at the hands of a male hero corresponded to the manner in which male-dominated religions overthrew ancient society.
The deities gathered in terror, but Anu first extracting a promise that he would be revered as "king of the gods", overcame her, armed with the arrows of the winds, a net, a club, and an invincible spear. Anu was later replaced by Enlil and, in the late version that has survived after the First Dynasty of Babylon, by Marduk, the son of Ea.
|“||...WHY DOST THOU AWAKEN ME? I HAVE LONG FORGOTTEN BATTLE... FOOLISH ONE... THE POWER OF MAN IS NOT ENOUGH TO DEFEAT ME...||„|
|“||Tiamat isn't truly defeated. She's the primordial chaos, the one who created all of us Mesopotamian gods, we could't defeat her. And while we may have been able to seal away her essence in Abzu, her consciousness still remains, and so does her wrath.||„|